Java 范例 - 状态监测

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通过继承 Thread 类并使用 currentThread.getName() 方法来监测线程的状态

class MyThread extends Thread{
   boolean waiting= true;
   boolean ready= false;
   MyThread() {
   }
   public void run() {
      String thrdName = Thread.currentThread().getName();
      System.out.println(thrdName + " starting.");
      while(waiting) 
      System.out.println("waiting:"+waiting); 
      System.out.println("waiting...");
      startWait(); 
      try {
         Thread.sleep(1000);
      }
      catch(Exception exc) {
         System.out.println(thrdName + " interrupted.");
      }
      System.out.println(thrdName + " terminating.");
   }
   synchronized void startWait() {
      try {
         while(!ready) wait();
      }
      catch(InterruptedException exc) {
         System.out.println("wait() interrupted");
      }
   }
   synchronized void notice() {
      ready = true;
      notify();
   }
}
public class Main {
   public static void main(String args[]) 
   throws Exception{
      MyThread thrd = new MyThread();
      thrd.setName("MyThread #1");
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.start();
      Thread.sleep(50);
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.waiting = false;
      Thread.sleep(50); 
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.notice();
      Thread.sleep(50);
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      while(thrd.isAlive()) 
      System.out.println("alive");
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
   }
   static void showThreadStatus(Thread thrd) {
      System.out.println(thrd.getName() + "Alive:=" + thrd.isAlive() + " State:=" + thrd.getState());
   }
}

编译运行以上 Java 代码,输出结果如下

……
alive
alive
MyThread #1 terminating
alive
...

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